What is the Difference Between Aeronautical and Aerospace Engineering?

Aeronautical and Aerospace Engineering are two similar fields that involve flight. Aeronautics Who wouldn’t be attracted to the manufacturing of large spacecraft, spaceships or rockets? Many Indian students want to be aeronautical engineers. They end up making bad decisions or doing things that are not right because they lack the proper knowledge. They don’t understand the differences between aeronautical and aerospace engineering. Aeronautical and aerospace engineering both include the design of aircraft, planes, missiles and other devices, but they have some distinction.It is our job as educators and career counselors to help students choose the right career path.Let’s use this opportunity to understand the differences between aeronautical engineering & aerospace engineering.

What is Aeronautical Engineering?

What is the Difference Between Aeronautical and Aerospace Engineering?

Students who are interest in aeronautical engineering will be attract by the opportunity to design, construct, and maintain aircraft. Aeronautics is the study of flight. It was invented by Sir George Cayley in the early 19th century. The Wright Brothers, who later understood the mechanism and invented the first plane, became the first aeronautical engineers.Aeronautical engineering is a one-sentence description of the design, creation, and maintenance travel machines such as airplanes, missiles and helicopters.

What is Aerospace Engineering?

What is the Difference Between Aeronautical and Aerospace Engineering?

Aeronautical engineering studies aircraft operating within the earth’s atmospheric, while aerospace engineering studies spacecraft that are used in and outside of the atmosphere. Aerospace engineering covers both the design and development of spacecraft and aircraft.This area of study covers a wider range of engineering disciplines

Difference Between Aeronautical and Aerospace Engineering

Aeronautical Engineering studies aircraft operating within and outside the earth’s atmosphere. This is the key difference between aerospace engineering and aeronautical engineering.Aeronautical engineering, in other words is a specialty within aerospace engineering.These two professions share some distinctions, apart from the obvious one. For a better understanding, let’s look at each one one by one:

Jobs/ Duties/ Job Profiles

Aeronautical Engineering

These engineers are responsible:

  • Designing, creating and testing aircraft, missiles and airplanes.
  • Advanced technologies and techniques are being developed for supersonic jets, satellites and space shuttles.
  • Safety of air travel
  • While developing new aircraft, we must address the environmental impacts of air travel.
  • Assisting with the investigation of aircraft accidents, project management, etc.

Aerospace Engineering

These engineers are responsible:

  • Design, manufacture, and test of aircraft & aerospace products.
  • The feasibility of any project is checked on the technical and financial side.
  • Safety measurement of projects being considered.
  • Design methods, sustainability, and quality standards.

Scope in India & Abroad

Aeronautical Engineer

India is set to become the third largest civil aviation market. Our country has more than 131million passengers and requires skilled and qualified aeronautical engineers to help it grow its aviation market. The future will see an increase in aeronautical engineering. This means that students are sure to be able to pursue this career path for a rewarding career.

India’s development stage means that there are more opportunities abroad for India’s core profile. There are many space centers with the most advanced technology. They provide modern methods for studying and working. This is why aeronautical engineering has a wider scope.

Aerospace Engineering :

As mentioned, India is fast approaching becoming the third largest civil aviation country in the world. The aerospace sector has a budget in excess of 1.5 billion dollars. It holds the record for launching the most satellites in one mission. The ISRO, which is the country’s leading space agency, ranks no. 5 worldwide. It is evident that India has many opportunities for aerospace engineers.

There are many opportunities in aerospace engineering abroad. These include the USA, France and the UK. Many Indian aerospace engineers are hired each year by these foreign countries. Surprised? The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (US Federal Government Agency), has many Indian engineers on its staff.

Required Skill Set

Aeronautical Engineering :

This profession requires advanced technical skills and a strong technological approach. Here are the details:

  • Speed, accuracy and analytical skills
  • Concentrate on the work and pay attention to each detail
  • Capability to accept responsibility
  • Alertness and presence of mind are two key characteristics.

Aerospace Engineering:

This is a highly technical field that requires exceptional observational and mathematical skills. This field requires years of research. Candidates must be resilient and persistent to pursue this career. Other skills that an Aerospace Engineer must have include:

  • Excellent academic background in Science stream
  • Strong analytical, reasoning and mathematical skills
  • The ability to concentrate and work long hours
  • Scientific insight
  • Attention to detail and more


Aeronautical Eng: The average salary for an Aeronautical Engineer in their first year is 5-11 Lakhs per Anum (LPA).

Aerospace Engineering The average salary for an Aerospace Engineer in their first year is 6-12 Lakhs per Anum (LPA).

The average salary for both these professions is It all depends on your experience and skills. Your experience and expertise will determine how much you earn.

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