Human Environment Interaction

Human Environment Interaction may be define as the interactions. The system of social as well as (the “rest” of) the ecosystem. Social ecosystems and systems are complex adaptive systems (Marten 2001). Complex because ecosystems human social systems comprise numerous parts and many connections between them. Flexible because they are equip with feedback structures that allow for survival in an ever-changing world.

Human social system

To analyze Human Environmental Interactions it is crucial to know the particular characteristics in the system of human society. The nature of the society affects people’s attitudes towards nature, their actions and their effect on ecosystems. Some of the most significant features of human social systems include the size of the population and social structure as well as values, technology, the amount of wealth and education and many other. Particularly, knowledge and values strongly influence people’s “view of life” and therefore determine how they behave. The range of actions that can be taken is then influence by available technology.

The environment is modifie by humans for their needs and reap rewards (Ecosystem Services) from it. The Ecosystem Services are essential for the well-being of people and include, for instance. he supply of natural resources such as timber, water and food and energy, information, agricultural land and many other. It is evident that the use of these resources can alter the environment in many ways. In addition, people frequently reorganize existing ecosystems to create new ones that are believe to be more efficient in meeting their needs.

Human Environment Interaction
Human Environment

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) look at how Ecosystem Services and constituents of human well-being are interconnect. The MA research program was establish with the support of the United Nations in 2001.

Coevolution and Coadaptation

The terms coevolution and coadaptation are use to describe the continuous process of mutual adjustment and transformation within human societies as well as the natural environment. The actions of individuals have consequences for the environment. The environment also influences the human environment.

Human Environment Interaction
Human Environment Interaction

 Human social systems need to adapt to the specific conditions of their surroundings. Natural disasters like storms and earthquakes and other natural disasters force people to take action. These natural events can be cause by human actions or they could be cause by human activities and, in turn, influence human behavior in the event that people are require to react to new circumstances.

Human Environment Interaction
Human Environment

Drivers-Pressures-State-Impact-Response

The Drivers-Pressures-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) model was originally develop by the European Environmental Agency (EEA) and is use to assess and manage environmental problems. A number of institutions, both at the national level and European institutions have adopted this framework for conceptualization. It is able to identify the different chain of causal connections between human actions and the degradation of the environment. The model identifies various types of indicators to describe how the condition of the environment changes because of human activity. Human activities add or diminish the pressure on the environment. The main forces behind human activities are mostly socio-economic and socio-cultural factors.

Human Environment Interaction
Human Environment Interaction

The following graphic describes the DPSIR procedure:

Human Environment Interaction
Human Environment Interaction

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